A pipe system not only involves pipes but also other components such as pe fitting, expansion and flexible joints, strainers, valves, bolts, flanges, gaskets and supports. Pipe fittings serve several purposes that mainly involves joining two pipes through appropriate fittings to alter the flow of the fluids or distribute them to other pipes.
Here’s a list of some commonly used pipe fittings and their application:
Collar – Joins two pipes to increase its length
Gasket – Seals flange joints
Elbow – Changes the direction of fluid flow
Union – Joins the ends of two pipes
Nipple – A small piece of pipe with threading on both sides
Reducer – Connects pipes of different diameters
Trap – Restricts the entry of sewer gases into the building
Tee – Connects pipes of different diameters and changes the direction of flow of the fluid
Offset – Connects parallel sections in a pipeline
Cross – Conveys fluids from one inlet in three different directions
The materials used for pipe fittings also depend on the type of fluid and conditions under which they are being conveyed. Typically, they mirror the materials used in the pipes they help to join. Some common materials used to make fittings include PVC, PE, ABS, PP, nylon, aluminium, stainless steel, steel, copper, cast iron and brass.
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